India’s Rise, America’s Interest: The Fate of the U.S.-Indian Partnership
(original source Foreign Affairs)
“Until the late 1990s, the United States often ignored India, treating it as a regional power in South Asia with little global weight. India’s weak and protected economy gave it little influence in global markets, and its nonaligned foreign policy caused periodic tension with Washington. When the United States did concentrate on India, it too often fixated on India’s military rivalry with Pakistan.
Today, however, India is dynamic and transforming. Starting in 1991, leaders in New Delhi — including Manmohan Singh, then India’s finance minister and now its prime minister — pursued policies of economic liberalization that opened the country to foreign investment and yielded rapid growth. India is now an important economic power, on track (according to Goldman Sachs and others) to become a top-five global economy by 2030. It is a player in global economic decisions as part of both the G-20 and the G-8 + 5 (the G-8 plus the five leading emerging economies) and may ultimately attain a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council. India’s trajectory has diverged sharply from that of Pakistan.”
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